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Recidivism

Definition:
Juvenile and Adult Re-Adjudicated/Convicted Recidivism rates for youth released from DJS Committed Programs after 12, 24, and 36 Months.*

 

Re-Adjudication/Conviction Recidivism Rates for Committed Program Releases 12, 24, and 36-Month Juvenile and/or Criminal Justice Recidivism Rates
Follow-Up Period FY2009 FY2010 FY2011 FY2012 FY2013
12 Months 19.2% 19.2% 20.6% 19.7% 19.7%
24 Months 34.8% 35.3% 36.1% 34.8% N/A
36 Months 45.5% 45.5% 46.9% N/A N/A

Data Source: MD DJS, Data Resource Guide: Fiscal Year 2014

Story Behind the Data:

Measuring recidivism is the primary indicator of success for criminal and juvenile justice systems.  While other measures of youth development are important, the primary mission of juvenile justice is to reduce delinquency, which is best captured by measuring recidivism.  When comparing FY2011 and FY2012 at 12-months, the re-adjudication and conviction rate slightly decreased by 4.4%, and remained flat between FY2012 and FY2013.  The 24-month rate reversed a two-year trend and declined 3.6% between FY2011 and FY2012.

Rates of recidivism for youth returning home from a juvenile commitment have remained remarkably consistent over the past decade, with about one in five youth released subsequently having a new offense upheld by the court.  The population of youth committed to out-of-home placement in Maryland, however, has been steadily declining.  The DJS-committed population has dropped 26% in ten years, and 6% since FY2012.  This means the pool of youth released home from commitments has declined, so the rate of recidivism is of a continually decreasing cohort.  The reduction in committed cases is a result both of declining referrals to DJS intake, and an increase in evidence-based in-home diversion programs that have served many youth otherwise at risk for an out-of-home commitment.

Additional Information:

Footnotes:
*The juvenile justice community has not reached a consensus on how best to define recidivism with one measure.  Therefore,DJS measures re-entry into both the juvenile and adult systems, and at the stages of re-arrest, reconviction and a new commitment or incarceration.  DJS prepares the combined juvenile and/or criminal re-referral/arrest, re-adjudication/conviction and re-commitment/incarceration recidivism rates.  Re-referral/arrest refers to any subsequent contact a youth has either in the juvenile or adult system.  Re-adjudication/conviction refers to any youth who has a judiciary hearing and is adjudicated delinquent by the juvenile court or is arrested and has a criminal hearing, and is convicted as an adult offender.  Re-commitment/incarceration refers to any juvenile with an new offense who is subsequently committed to DJS’s custody for placement, or is incarcerated in the adult system.

 


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