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Crime

Crime

Definition:
The rate of violent crimes that are committed per 1,000 persons.*

 

Rate of Violent Crime per 1,000 Persons
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
MD 7.1 6.8 6.4 6.3 5.9 5.6 5.0 4.8 4.7
US 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.7

Data Source: FBI, Crime in the United States in 2013, Table 1
Governor’s Office of Crime Control and Prevention, 2013 Uniform Crime Report

Story Behind the Data:

Due to crime’s negative impact on communities and childhood development, Governor O’Malley has set the goals of reducing violent crime by 20% and reducing violent crime against women and children by 25% by the end of 2018.  Overall, the number of violent crimes decreased by more than 27% between 2006 and 2013.  During that same time period, the number of juvenile homicides in Maryland fell by 48%.

Although the violent crime rate in Maryland has been decreasing steadily over the last several years, the rate is still higher than the national average by 1 per 1,000 persons.  The 2013 rate of 4.7 is for violent crimes per 1,000 persons in all of Maryland, with the highest rates localized in Baltimore City and Prince George’s County.  Several counties, though, including Carroll, Calvert, Montgomery, Howard, and Queen Anne’s, achieved a rate less than 2.0 per 1,000 persons.

According to the Maryland State Child Fatality Review Team’s 2014 Annual Legislative Report, 25% of children’s injury-related deaths (1 through 17 years old) were due to homicide between 2010 and 2012.  Of those 93 homicides, 53 were by firearms.

To address this issue of youth involvement in fatal and non-fatal shootings, StateStat requested that the Children’s Cabinet agencies examine the individuals involved in these incidents and identify trends.  After a thorough analysis of the youth involved, the Children’s Cabinet identified school suspension as a commonality and concluded that those students exhibiting risk factors such as suspension, expulsion, or absenteeism were at higher risk of being involved in a shooting incident and could benefit from care coordination using the Wraparound model of care.  In late 2013, the Children’s Cabinet opened a new population in the Statewide Care Management Entity (CME) called the “SAFETY Initiative” (Schools And Families Empowering Their Youth) to allow local school systems to make referrals.

Additional Information:

Footnote:
*Violent crime includes murder, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault.


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